Robust Light Field Depth Estimation using Occlusion-Noise Aware Data Costs
accepted in IEEE Trans. on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
|Williem||In Kyu Park||Kyoung Mu Lee|
|Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia||Inha University, Korea||Seoul National University, Korea|
Depth estimation is essential in many light field applications. Numerous algorithms have been developed using a range of light field properties. However, conventional data costs fail when handling noisy scenes in which occlusion is present. To address this problem, we introduce a light field depth estimation method that is more robust against occlusion and less sensitive to noise. Two novel data costs are proposed, which are measured using the angular patch and refocus image, respectively. The constrained angular entropy cost (CAE) reduces the effects of the dominant occluder and noise in the angular patch, resulting in a low cost. The constrained adaptive defocus cost (CAD) provides a low cost in the occlusion region, while also maintaining robustness against noise. Integrating the two data costs is shown to significantly improve the occlusion and noise invariant capability. Cost volume filtering and graph cut optimization are applied to improve the accuracy of the depth map. Our experimental results confirm the robustness of the proposed method and demonstrate its ability to produce high-quality depth maps from a range of scenes. The proposed method outperforms other state-of-the-art light field depth estimation methods in both qualitative and quantitative evaluations.
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